Angh rules each village. He is the sole authority in the village and held in
high esteem by his villagers and hold immense power in his village and other subordinate
villages. There are altogether seven Chief Anghs within the Mon District,
namely (a) Mon (b) Chui (c) Shengha Chingnyu (d) Longwa (e) Shangnyu (f) Jaboka and (g)
Tangnyu. The Chief Anghs of these villages rule over a group of sattelite villages under
them, some of which are in Arunachal Pradesh with 54 villages and 87 villages in Myanmar.
All these villages are Konyak villages having strong customary and traditional
relationship with the rest of the 110 villages of the Mon District having no land dispute
villages and are all under the umbrella of the Konyak Union. The Angh of a village is
assisted in his task by the Deputy Anghs of each Morung (Pan) and the elders or Gaon
Burras. Each village has a ruling clan and commoner clan or the Pen clan. The
members of a clan are bound by blood-ties and so inter-marriage is prevented. But they can
marry a boy or a girl of other clans. The Anghs belong to the ruling clan. A heir to the
post can take any girl from other clans as his wife, but he has to marry a princess of
another village as his real wife. The other wives are treated as his concubines and their
children cannot claim to become the Angh. The Anghs practice polygamy and can have a
number of wives. But only the eldest son of a real princess has the right to inherit his
paternal property and to be adorned as the Angh after his fathers death. The village
has a strong administrative body the Village Council. The members of the Village
Council administer law and maintain order in the village.
convenience, each village is divided into a number of Morungs or
Pan. It is an institution for training youths in discipline, nationalistic
feelings, safeguarding the village from intruders and for efficient execution of tasks
during emergencies etc.
mens dormitory, which is in hierarchical order. The unmarried youths assemble in the
evenings and discuss about important matters pertaining to their socio-economic, political
and day-to-day aspect of life.